Pediatric Dentist Job Description

Simply put, dentists who address the oral health of children are referred to as pediatric dentists. From infancy through the teen years, pediatric dentists provide all types of dental treatment to young patients, for they have the experience and qualifications to provide care for children’s teeth and gums. Before you decide on shaping your career in the field of pediatric dentistry, there is something you need to know. It takes a great deal of determination to become a dental surgeon in this field, since it commands eleven years of education after high school. While college consumes 4 years, an aspirant is required to dedicate another four years through the dental school. It is after dental school that an aspirant undergoes critical training in the field of pediatric dentistry. If you’re set to dedicate eleven intensive years of your life to this specialty of dentistry, you must get yourself acquainted with what does a pediatric dentist do. The following section elaborates upon the same. Give a read.

Job Profile

Normally, a child loses his first set of teeth by the age of 6. Gradually, the lost teeth are replaced by permanent ones during the course of time. Many children face oral decay and improper dental care that leads to ceaseless pain. Hence, a pediatric dentist offers an extensive range of treatments to care for children’s teeth, gums, and mouth with the help of a dental diagnosis, so that he can offer the best possible care to the child in accordance with the results of the diagnosis. Since tooth decay is one of the most chronic ailments in children, pediatric dentists recommend that right when children turn 1, they should visit the pediatric dentist to develop dental hygiene in the long run. Since it is extremely difficult to clean the teeth of children, bacterial growth is much more prominent in children than adults, and tooth decay is a common occurrence. Therefore, to prevent tooth decay and other dental ailments, doctors deal with teeth cleaning plans so that children don’t face dental issues during adulthood. The duties and responsibilities of a pediatric dentist can be jotted down as follows:

  • Provide dental care to infants throughout teenage years.
  • Diagnose and treat problems throughout dentition.
  • Plan a long-term dental hygiene program.
  • Keep parents advised with regards to preventive dental health measures for their children.
  • Provide significant pediatric dental health information.
  • Risk assessment for dental ailments in both mother and child.

Pay Scale

Medicine, being the most rewarding career in the world, locks up unbelievably lucrative opportunities for people. Dentistry is one of the worthiest specialties of medicine, and with increasing tooth problems in children, the job of pediatric dentists gains more and more significance. With that said, their salary in the United States of America is somewhere around $170,000 – $250,000, depending upon the number of years of relevant experience, geographical region, and nature of the workplace. For seasonal dentists, the salary figures go up to $400,000 per annum! As per the data presented by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), America, jobs in pediatric dentistry are expected to take a hike by 16 percent in the next six years.

Best Dentistry Schools and Colleges in America

There isn’t a scarceness of medical institutions in the US for aspiring dentists. If you’re set to get into pediatric dentistry, and see yourself become a pediatric dentist in the next few years, here’s a list of top dentistry institutions in the US that could lay the brass tacks to your flourishing career in dentistry:
University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida

  • Ohio State University, Ohio
  • University of Illinois at Urbana, Illinois
  • Central Michigan University, Michigan
  • University of Louisville , Kentucky
  • University of Iowa, Iowa
  • University of Massachusetts, Massachusetts
  • Widener University, Pennsylvania
  • University of Nebraska Medical Center, Nebraska

After a comprehensive review of the attractive job profile of a pediatric dentist, it is important for you to realize that the alluring salary figures don’t just come to you like that. It takes a great deal of persistence and hard work to become a pediatric dentist. However, if you’re determined to see yourself amongst the best pediatric dental professionals in the next few years, it’s time you begin with the hard work already. It’s a long, long road, but the results are definitely fruitful.

Cough Variant Asthma Treatment

Cough variant asthma is a condition that is categorized under asthma, where one experiences coughing that is dry, and doesn’t produce mucus from the respiratory tract. One can experience shortness of breath and wheezing, as two of the most common symptoms of CVA. A cough that lasts longer than 6-8 weeks classifies as chronic CVA, which can occur during any time of the day and night. To help strengthen one’s immunity, rely on probiotic and enzyme supplements/sources for quicker results when under treatment for this ailment. For those experiencing CVA, here you’ll come across cough variant asthma treatments, that you can try out. Consult a doctor, before trying out any of these on your own.

What is Cough Variant Asthma and What Causes It?

Also known as typical/classic asthma, this cough usually occurs when one is exposed to allergy causing substances. Even cold air affects one’s breathing, bringing about this chronic cough. Infections are common when it comes to CVA, which usually happens when one is experiencing sinusitis, which is common when dealing with asthma.

It is a common condition that comes about during one’s childhood, and is very prevalent in young kids. These coughs can be triggered by allergy causing elements or anything that has a strong fragrance, including dust particles present in the atmosphere.

Beta blockers are known to be one of the causes of bringing about CVA in people. These drugs are meant for problems like heart disease, migraines, heart failure, high blood pressure and so on. Eye drops of the same can trigger asthma-like symptoms.

Treatment for Cough Variant Asthma

There are many medicines available in the market, for those suffering from asthma conditions. Here you’ll find ways on how to treat cough variant asthma. Like I mentioned before, consult a doctor before you get any of these prescription drugs and medicines into your system.

Albueterol
The most common of medicines for asthmatics is albeuterol which is a bronchodilator, and comes as an inhalant to control coughs by clearing up one’s lungs. These help in allowing air into the airways, so that you can breathe easier within minutes. After the doctor examines your condition, he will accordingly prescribe what you need as part of the asthma treatment. There are also liquid versions of this medicine, although either or both of these two kinds can worsen the asthma situation, or not help at it all. Depending on how your system reacts to the medicine, stop or continue using this. Common brand names that this falls under are Ventolin HFA Proventil, ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA and Accuneb.

Varied Medication
Other medicines that are known to help with violent bouts of coughing are (be sure to take note of reactions from these as well):

  • Advair
  • Singulair
  • Intal (cromolyn sodium)

Before you take any of these medicines, you need to alert your doctor of certain important details like, if you had/have heart disease, diabetes, fever, experienced seizures, allergic reactions to foods or preservatives, thyroid disease, nasal polyps, kidney disease, cold/sinus infection, including if women have breast-fed, and any other health related issues that need to be revealed.

Decongestants/Herbal Remedies
Honey and ginger root are known to cut down on cough spasms, opening up one’s airways to aid in breathing comfortably. Chamomile tea and green tea cut down one’s chances of experiencing chest congestions, making it easier to breathe. Flovent, Mucinex and Sudafed have been known to be effective in controlling the effects of congestion (it is advisable to use this when the first attack occurs), and lessening its intensity on the one suffering from the illness. Also known to be highly helpful is a natural decongestant known as Quercetin.

Steroids
Try using steroids meant for chronic coughs like oral prednisone. If you have eosinophils, which is an inflammation in the lungs, then Zafirlukast works for those who don’t find prednisone helpful. Sometimes, the condition can worsen for those using steroid inhalers, due to the aerosols present in the inhaler; cease to use this in such cases. Consult your doctor and see what would work better for you instead when it comes to this condition.

It’s good to get yourself checked if coughs persist for weeks in a row, without letting up no matter what cough syrups/medicines you take. You never know if you’re experiencing chronic coughs, that are known to be dry in nature, like mentioned earlier. Get yourself checked also for any allergic reactions that you have towards medication that were prescribed by your doctor.

Symptoms of Carrot Allergy

Carrot allergy is not included in the list of top six food allergies and hence, those people who are allergic to pollen food, suffer from similar allergic reactions to carrots. What is pollen food allergy? It is a syndrome that occurs by a cluster of allergic reactions in the mouth after consuming certain vegetables, fruits and nuts. As the allergens target the mouth area, it is also known as Oral Allergy Syndrome or OAS. In medical terms, OAS represents cross-reactivity between the remains of tree or weed pollen that is still present in some fruits and vegetables.

If you are allergic to pollen, you will be allergic to pollen foods and carrots too. This is because of the structural similarity between carrots and other pollen foods. The structure of pollen proteins is similar to carrot proteins. As I have said above, the uncooked pollen foods or raw carrots for that matter, cause allergic reactions because, cooking destroys the allergic proteins in carrots which makes them non-allergic. However, regardless of the carrots being cooked, some people are allergic to them. In such cases, precaution and treatment are the only things that can be taken. Following are some signs and symptoms of raw carrot allergy in adults as well as children.

Symptoms in Adults

Birch pollen, a food allergen that produces allergic signs and symptoms in the person consuming raw food, is the inhalant allergen that cross-reacts with the carrot. If you have a mild carrot allergy, you may develop some common reactions soon after its consumption. Given below are the areas that are most affected by the allergens and the symptoms that they show.

Digestive System Skin Respiratory System Oral System
Nausea Itching Wheezing (where each breath produces a whistling sound) Burning sensation in the lips and mouth
Vomiting Hives (raised areas like mosquito bites) Cough Swelling of the lips, tongue and mouth
Constipation Red rashes Chest tightness Itching of the lips, tongue, throat and soft palate
Cramping Eczema Nasal congestion Tingling sensation in the mouth and hoarseness

Anaphylaxis
This is an extreme condition experienced by a person allergic to carrots and other pollen foods where he/she gets anaphylactic shock and faces difficulty in breathing, has low blood pressure and feels unconsciousness. Furthermore, it can cause increased heart rate, anxiety, confusion and dizziness leading a person into coma or even death. These symptoms usually appear rapidly within a few minutes of exposure to the allergen and can be life-threatening, if the person does not get immediate medical attention.

Carrot Allergy in Babies

When a baby’s immune system detects a harmless substance as a harmful one, an allergic reaction takes place. The immune system starts producing antibodies to protect the baby from more exposure. However, on frequent exposures, the antibodies cause allergic reactions against the allergen. Common symptoms appearing in babies after carrot consumption are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Excess gas after each new meal
  • Constipation
  • Wheezing
  • Watery and red eyes
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Swelling of the face, lips and tongue
  • Closure in the throat
  • Hives

It is advisable to give cooked carrots to a baby at the age of 7 months and grated raw carrots when 10 months old. Consult your family doctor before introducing carrots in your child’s diet. It is also very important to be able to differentiate between an allergy and a digestive disorder. Some kids have certain digestive disorders because of which they cannot tolerate certain foods, whereas some of them are actually allergic to some foods. An allergist can determine whether it is an allergy or a digestive disorder through various tests.

Tips to Prevent and Treat Carrot Allergy

  • The easiest way to prevent carrot allergy is to avoid carrot consumption altogether. Once you know the culprit, it’s better to exclude it from your diet rather than looking for treatments afterwards.
  • Sometimes, even when you stand close by the stove and inhale the steam of cooking carrots, you may suffer from sore throat, suffocation and difficulty in swallowing. If the steam goes into your eyes, it may cause conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye. So try to keep away from carrots when they are being cooked.
  • While eating outside, a precautionary measure you can take is, read the food labels or inquire about the ingredients that go into making a particular food item.
  • Even after being extra careful, if you suffer from carrot allergy, you will either have to consider some treatment options (in case of mild allergy symptoms) like antihistamines or, visit an allergist (in case of a life-threatening situation).

On a concluding note, being allergic to carrots can be dealt with. Even if you are not able to prevent it, proper diagnosis and correct treatment will help you minimize the complications.

Treatment of a Banana Allergy

Banana allergy simply means the inability to tolerate bananas. The fruit, no doubt, is a good source of energy, but can be a problematic or rather ‘dangerous’ food for those who are allergic to bananas. Allergy, as we know, is an abnormal immune response to substances that are actually not capable of causing harm. During an allergic reaction, the body releases certain chemicals, known as histamines to fight the allergen. These histamines trigger a wide range of allergy symptoms.

In case of bananas, proteins known as chitinase may trigger an exaggerated immune response causing the following symptoms.

Symptoms

Runny nose, watery eyes, and coughing are some of the common symptoms associated with banana allergy. Other symptoms are discussed below.

✦ Itchy Sensation in the Mouth
Those who are allergic to bananas often complain about an itchy mouth whenever they eat this fruit. Often, the itchy feeling is restricted to the roof of the mouth. Apart from an itchy mouth, the person may experience a burning sensation in the lips and a scratchy feeling in the throat.

✦ Digestion Problems
Eating foods that you are allergic to, can negatively affect the digestive system. So after eating bananas, there is a possibility of suffering from abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

✦ Skin Problems
Consuming this allergy food may lead to the development of skin problems like hives and eczema that are typically marked by formation of itchy rash. The rash may either be widespread or localized confined to a specific part of the body.

✦ Swelling
The itchy sensation may be accompanied by swelling of the lips, tongue, eyes, and even the throat. Swelling that may cause trouble in swallowing the food is a cause for concern and should be immediately brought to the notice of a qualified doctor.

✦ Anaphylaxis
This is a rare but life-threatening reaction typically marked by narrowing of airways. Anaphylaxis causes airway obstruction due to sudden tissue swelling, leading to breathing problems. The person may experience a feeling of throat tightness or experience a lump in their throat. The impaired air flow can lead to hoarseness (raspy or strained voice). Blood pressure may also fall sharply, causing the patient to lose consciousness. Rapid pulse, dizziness, and lightheadedness are some of the other symptoms of anaphylaxis. This severe reaction that requires urgent medical attention can happen in seconds after taking a bite of the banana.

✦ Latex and Banana Allergy
People who have been diagnosed with latex allergy tend to be allergic to bananas. Latex is a rubber product commonly used to make balloons, rubber bands, and gloves. However, the proteins that naturally occur in latex closely resemble to proteins found in bananas and other plant foods like avocado, tomato, chestnut, kiwi, and papaya. Similarly, people who react negatively to pollen or ragweed have a greater chance of developing allergy to bananas, watermelons, cantaloupe, and honeydew. This is known as cross connectivity in which structural similarity in different types of proteins triggers immune reaction with a wide range of plant foods.

Treatment

Skin problems such as eczema resulting from mild allergic reactions may be treated with antihistamine creams or capsules. Whereas, adverse reactions require immediate medical intervention. Doctors often suggest avoiding recipes that contain bananas to manage this food allergy. So, one may have a liking for banana chips or banana cake, but these foods should not be consumed. It is said that the cooking process may destroy the proteins, thereby preventing any sort of allergic reaction. However, one cannot assure that cooked bananas, such as those observed in products like banana breads, won’t cause any allergy symptoms in the long run. So, the best way to deal with banana allergy is to completely avoid this fruit.

How to Treat it Coconut Allergy

The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 (FALCPA), which addresses the issue of the labeling of foods that contain certain food allergens, requires all food products that are regulated by the FDA to be labeled in a specific way. This is to enable the consumers to check for the presence of the eight major food allergens (milk, egg, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts, and soybeans). According to the FDA, tree nuts include almonds, beech nuts, Brazil nuts, cashews, chestnuts, Chinquapin nuts, coconut, hazelnuts, ginkgo nuts, hickory nuts, lichee nuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pine nuts, pili nuts, pistachios, shea nuts, and walnuts. It must be noted that the FDA recognizes coconut as a tree nut for the purposes of labeling, although coconut is not a tree nut in the strictest sense.

The scientific name of coconut is Cocos nucifera, and it belongs to the Arecaceae family. It is a dry drupe and is only distantly related to tree nuts. It has a smooth exocarp (outer layer), fibrous mesocarp (middle layer), and a hard endocarp (layer that surrounds the seed). The reason behind the recognition of coconut as a food allergen might be due to the documentation of a few cases of allergic reaction (especially anaphylactic shock) on consumption of coconut.

Cross-reactivity Between Coconut and Walnut

In terms of allergic reactions, cross-reactivity is said to occur when an allergic reaction develops on exposure to substances containing structurally similar proteins. A common example of cross-reactivity can be explained with reference to tree nuts. There have been instances where some individuals who are allergic to one of the tree nuts developed an allergic reaction on consuming other tree nuts. In the U.S., the incidence of allergic reaction to walnut (34%) is much higher than any other tree nut, whereas a coconut allergy is quite rare. However, a few cases regarding cross-reactivity between coconut and walnut/hazelnut have been documented. The proteins that are believed to cause allergies after ingestion of coconut include:

➠ Coc n 7S globulin
➠ Coc n 11S globulin (Cocosin)
➠ Coc n Profilin (protein isolated from coconut tree pollen)

In a study conducted by Teuber and Peterson, two patients with primary walnut allergy and secondary coconut allergy were studied. The tests that were conducted suggested substantial IgE cross-reactivity between walnut and coconut. This study also suggested that it was IgE resulting from primary walnut exposure that contributed to a secondary cross-reaction to coconut.

There have been cases where the allergic reaction occurred only due to the ingestion of coconut, as the affected individual could tolerate other tree nuts, seeds, dates, etc. However, allergic reactions to coconut alone is quite rare. Most people who are allergic to tree nuts can safely eat coconut, but an allergic reaction could occur in rare cases due to the cross-reactivity between coconut and some other tree nuts.

Oils from both coconut, as well as palm contain 7S globulin proteins. These oils are commonly used in cosmetic products such as creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, etc. It is believed that the slight increase in the incidence of allergic reactions to coconut could be due to the sensitization to these proteins due to the topical exposure through the skin.

Coconut Allergy Symptoms

Coconut allergy is a type 1 hypersensitivity, wherein the immune system produces a response, as it considers the presence of certain proteins in coconut as a threat. The response involves the activation of the immune cells which produce Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to defend the body. These antibodies bind to the proteins in the coconut, thereby stimulating the mast cells to release histamine. It is the release of histamine that causes the blood vessels to dilate, thereby causing the untoward symptoms that are associated with allergic reactions.

The symptoms of coconut allergy include:

➠ Watery eyes
➠ Red, itchy eyes
➠ Runny nose
➠ Hives
➠ Itching
➠ Vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea
➠ Sneezing
➠ Wheezing or asthma-like symptoms
➠ Breathing problems
➠ Flushed face
➠ Low blood pressure
➠ Lightheadedness

In extreme cases, one could even develop an anaphylactic shock. This condition is characterized by the following symptoms:

➠ Swelling of the throat/tongue/lips/face
➠ Shortness of breath
➠ Breathing difficulties
➠ Difficulty in swallowing
➠ Heart palpitations
➠ Drop in blood pressure
➠ Wheezing
➠ Skin turning blue
➠ Confusion
➠ Loss of consciousness

Prevention and Treatment

Every individual who has had an allergic reaction to any food needs to identify the food that he/she might be allergic to. This can be done with the help of skin prick tests, food challenges, and blood tests that check the blood for antibodies. In case of an allergy, the avoidance of the food is the best treatment option. Thus, individuals who are allergic to coconut should avoid food products that contain coconut in any form.

➠ Coconut milk, coconut cream, or shredded coconut might be used in some cake mixes, bread, baked goods, pastry products, dough, chocolate, soups, ice creams, sauces, puddings, salad dressings, dumplings, etc. So, make sure that you read the food labels.

➠ In case of recipes wherein coconut flour is used, unprocessed bran, tapioca flour, or almond flour (avoid almonds, if you are allergic to them) can be used as a substitute for coconut. Clarified butter can be used instead of coconut butter. In case of any doubts, consult a dietitian or a nutritionist to learn about the best substitutes.

➠ Be very cautious while eating out. Make it a point to ask about the ingredients used in dishes. Avoid any dish that contains coconut.

➠ While antihistamines or corticosteroids help alleviate the symptoms of an allergic reaction, it would be best to keep an epinephrine injection ready, so as to tackle an anaphylactic reaction.

Though some people who are affected by tree nut allergies could develop an allergic reaction on consuming coconut, coconut allergy is quite rare. It must be noted that some people might develop allergic dermatitis on coming in contact with coconut oil. Such individuals should avoid the use of cosmetics, shampoos, soaps, or other products that contain coconut diethanolamide, cocamide sulfate, cocamide DEA, and CDEA. On a concluding note, avoidance of the allergen is the only way to avoid the untoward symptoms associated with allergies.

Characteristic Features Nut Allergy

An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system reacts adversely to an allergen present in food, insect venom, medication, etc. Humans are found to be allergic to a wide range of food items, the most common among them being eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soybeans and shellfish. Certain proteins found in these foods are responsible for the adverse reactions triggered by the immune system, which wrongly identifies them as harmful to the body. In order to protect the body, the immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. The action of these antibodies results in release of certain chemicals, like histamine, which in turn causes allergic symptoms. The nature and severity of allergic reactions may vary from one person to another. It may also happen that the same person exhibits different symptoms at different times.

Peanut and Tree Nut Allergies

Both peanuts and tree nuts, are among those food items that are commonly found to cause allergies, especially in kids. Nut allergy usually denotes tree nut (like almonds and cashews) allergy, but include reactions caused by peanuts (groundnuts) too. This is because of the fact that the proteins in peanuts are similar in structure to the proteins in tree nuts, which are the common types of edible nuts. Even though peanuts come under the category of legumes, and not nuts, allergic reactions to both tree nuts and peanuts are almost the same.

When compared to tree nut allergy, peanut allergy is more prevalent. It has also been observed that a person with tree nut allergy may or may not react to peanuts, and vice versa. Those who are allergic to one type of tree nut may exhibit allergic reactions to other types of nuts. While almonds are considered the safest among tree nuts, reports of allergic reactions to walnuts and cashews are very common. Even though nut allergy can develop at any age, it is a problem which is predominantly found in children. It has been observed that most of the affected people develop this condition before the age of three.

Routes of Exposure

Consumption of nuts is the most common route through which a person is exposed to the allergen. Unintentional digestion is found to be a common cause for allergic reactions to nuts. Apart from ingestion, inhalation may also cause minor adverse reactions in allergic individuals. This may happen if they get exposed to airborne particles released while cooking. Factories (where nuts are handled) may also release such particles while crushing or processing nuts. There is no conclusive evidence to prove that smelling or touching nuts can cause any such symptom. However, such instances may happen rarely.

Symptoms

Nuts are rich in nutrients and have various health benefits, but they may prove harmful for some people. They develop allergic reactions ranging from mild to severe, if they consume nuts or foods with nuts. Such reactions appear soon after ingestion of the nut, or within a time span of two hours. As mentioned above, chemicals like histamines are released in the body of the allergic individual, once he is exposed to the allergen. These chemicals affect the bodily systems, especially the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and the cardiovascular system. While some people react severely, some others show only mild symptoms. Such symptoms may subside within some time, or may worsen and lead to more severe symptoms.

Mild Symptoms

  • Itchy and watery eyes
  • Skin rash
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Runny nose
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tingling of lips and tongue
  • Tightness in the throat
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Stomach pain and diarrhea

Severe Symptoms

Some people who are allergic to nuts may experience symptoms, like swelling of the lips, tongue, and face. The affected person may develop breathing problem, as the throat swells up, thereby narrowing air passage. Dizziness is another severe nut allergy symptom. These symptoms may lead to a more life-threatening condition called anaphylaxis, wherein the airways get swollen, leading to severe symptoms, which are given below.

  • Breathing trouble
  • Wheezing
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Shock and loss of consciousness

Though nut allergies are not usually linked to death, in some rare cases, it may happen as very sensitive individuals succumb to severe allergic reactions. So severe allergic reactions warrant immediate medical attention.

Cashew Nuts and Peanuts: Allergic reactions caused by cashew nuts and walnuts can be more severe and fatal. Even though reactions like rash and swelling are common in case of cashew nut allergies, severe reactions, like anaphylaxis is also not uncommon. It has been observed that peanut allergy can be more severe, as compared to the symptoms of tree nut allergies. According to health experts, the immune system can identify peanut proteins easily, as compared to the proteins in tree nuts. Even breathing minute particles of peanuts can trigger severe allergic reactions, while the same amount of tree nuts may not cause such reactions.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The medical history of the patient is very much important as far as diagnosis of nut allergy is concerned. It has been observed that the chances of having this type of allergy is high in those with a family history of allergies or allergy-related conditions, like asthma and eczema. Skin prick test and blood test are also done as a part of diagnosis.

As of now, there is no curative treatment for nut allergies. All you can do is to avoid exposure to the nut or nuts that cause allergic reactions. Even food products containing traces of these nuts must be avoided. In case you develop allergic reactions, seek immediate medical attention. This is highly necessary in case of severe reactions. Mild reactions are often treated with medicines, like antihistamines. Adrenaline injection is used for treating severe reactions.

While some people outgrow nut allergies with age, for others, it is a lifelong condition. Hence, it is always better to avoid nuts, peanuts, and food products with nuts as ingredients. The most common tree nuts include almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, chestnuts, hazelnuts, filberts, hickory nuts, walnuts, macadamias, pistachios, pecans, pine nuts, etc. Apart from that, food items, like cakes, cookies, crackers, ice creams, health bars, soups, sauces, flavored coffees, frozen desserts, chocolates, etc., may also contain nuts. Even coconut and nutmeg (being nuts), may cause allergic reactions in some people. So make it a habit to check the list of ingredients given on food packets, before consumption. Apart from consumption of nuts, the affected people must also avoid any contact with nuts, which may also cause allergic reactions. It may also happen that a person with allergy to a particular type of nut, may develop nut allergy symptoms to a certain group of nuts only. However, it is safer to avoid any nut or nut products, including peanuts. If you experience any nut allergy symptom, contact your doctor immediately.

Tips to Chocolate Allergy

da88afba-840d-4912-9474-15d2391b9ece-copyPeople of all age groups love to eat chocolates. Some of us are even addicted towards it. However, there are people who cannot eat chocolates because they tend to get allergies. It can happen to both children as well as adults. Those children whose parents have chocolate allergy are at a greater risk of getting the same. In other words, it could be hereditary. Many research studies have found that people who have weak immunity are more likely to develop this allergy.

Causes
The main ingredient is cocoa which is obtained from the cocoa beans. These beans are processed by fermentation, roasting and grinding in order to prepare the chocolate that we eat. Cocoa can be responsible for allergy but it is not the only cause. There are other ingredients that can trigger allergic reactions like, milk, soy, gluten, varieties of nuts and chemicals which are used to add a specific color or flavor to the chocolate.

Symptoms
The symptoms have lots of similarities with that of other kind of food allergies. Common symptoms that are found in people after eating chocolates are as follows:

Difficulty in Breathing: It mainly happens when more than one ingredients of the chocolate is causing allergic reactions in the body. Apart from shortness of breath, people in this condition complain of dizziness, tightness in the chest, heart palpitation, stomach cramps, etc. Nausea, vomiting and wheezing sound while breathing can also be observed. If the allergic reaction affect more than one system of the body, then it can even trigger anaphylactic shock that can be fatal. In such condition, one should not even touch a piece of chocolate.

Skin Rash: Those who are highly allergic can get skin rash as soon as they take one bite of chocolate. Initially, this kind of skin eruptions occur in and around the face and neck which may later spread to other parts of the body like arms, legs and stomach.

Headache: A sharp headache can be observed in some people. The caffeine substance present in chocolate is mostly responsible for this symptom. However, it is to be noted that it requires further investigation in order to find out if the chocolate is actually responsible for causing the headache.

Confusion: When we feel depressed, we love eating chocolates as they help to lift our spirits. However, those who have chocolate allergy, it can have adverse effects on their emotions. It can make them restless and irritable. This happens because theobromine present in cocoa act as a stimulant for the nervous system which in turn makes the heart beat faster.

Heartburn: This is a minor symptom and does not cause any serious harm to your health. Usually, it is not caused by the cocoa of the chocolate. Rather, some other ingredients may trigger this kind of allergic reaction. Most people who get heartburn after having chocolates do not have to stop eating them completely.

Treatment
If any of the symptoms that are given in the previous section are observed after eating chocolate, patients should consult their doctors. They can identify the component that triggers the allergic reaction with the help of skin tests, blood tests, etc. Then suitable medicines are prescribed to the patients according to the severity of their symptoms. Antihistamines are used for treating symptoms like skin eruptions, itchiness and digestive disorders. Corticosteroids and bronchodilators are given to those who feel mild shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing as these medicines help to open up the respiratory tract. Those who have signs of anaphylaxis such as breathing difficulty, palpitation and tightness in chest should be rushed to the emergency room where an injection of epinephrine is administered for the treatment of severe allergic reaction. Once the symptoms subside, the instructions provided by the doctors should be strictly followed to prevent further occurrence of chocolate allergy.

You may not have to stop eating chocolates forever if you have allergy. Your doctor may suggest that you to eat only those chocolates that do not contain certain ingredients which can cause allergic reactions. In that case, you just have to read the label of the chocolate before buying it.

Signs Corn Allergy

Corn is widely cultivated and eaten in most parts of the world. It is used in several foods in different forms, for e.g., as cornstarch, corn syrup, cornflakes, popcorn, alcohol, etc. It may seem peculiar, but, corn is a prominent allergen that affects many people

Corn Allergy
When a person becomes allergic to corn, his body develops antibodies against corn proteins. Therefore, as soon as the person consumes corn products or even inhales corn particles or pollen, the immune system reacts against it, which gives rise to allergic reactions on the body. As corn is consumed by a large number of people, the number of corn allergy cases is increasing.

Identifying the symptoms of corn allergy is very important in order to treat and prevent it completely. The symptoms depend on the amount of corn consumed by the person and also in the form in which it was consumed. Similarly, the reactions also depend on the person’s disease fighting capacity, and hence, the intensity of the symptoms vary accordingly.

Symptoms
Symptoms of corn allergy vary from very mild to severe ones. They are also found to differ from person to person. When a person is over sensitive to corn, consuming even a small quantity of corn can result in development of symptoms.

  • Vomiting
  • Migraine headache
  • Rash
  • Abdominal pain and bloating
  • Gas
  • Nausea
  • Itchy skin
  • Swelling of tongue and mouth
  • Fever

Apart from these, sometimes severer symptoms are also observed. They include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Allergic asthma
  • Mood swing
  • Arthritis

Anaphylaxis is the severest symptom of corn allergy. Although a rare condition, it can be life-threatening. It can lead to impairment of several bodily functions. Anaphylaxis occurs unexpectedly and can be seen in children as well as adults. The symptoms of Anaphylaxis include:

  • Sudden drop in blood pressure
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Tightness in chest
  • Dizziness
  • Unconsciousness

Treatment
If one observes these symptoms, he must consult the doctor. Although it is difficult to determine whether a person is allergic to corn or not by mere blood test, the doctor may advise him to change his diet and eliminate corn completely from the diet. Anti-allergy medications are also given to for allergy relief whereas, in case of severe allergic reactions, emergency medications are used. All medication need to be taken only on consulting the doctor.

Prevention
If a person is diagnosed having an allergy to corn, he should altogether avoid eating corn, corn products and also other packaged products containing corn. Although it is difficult nowadays, most of the products contain corn as one of the key ingredient. But, you should read the ingredients before buying any products and keep a check on the intake of corn. You should avoid eating corn syrup, corn sugar, cornmeal, popcorn, grits, hominy, corn chips, cornstarch, margarine, corn fritters and corn tortillas. Similarly, creamed vegetables, salad dressing, canned mixed vegetables, muffins, pancakes, cheese spread, tacos, canned soups, chewing gum, and most of the fried foods should also be avoided as they contain corn.

You should keep a check on the foods to be eaten in order to prevent severe allergic reactions to corn. It is very essential to identify corn allergy symptoms and get the condition treated as soon as possible.

Rash from Food Allergy

Food allergies are common among many people, and even infants and children. A food allergy mainly implies a negative bodily reaction upon the consumption of a particular food. Among the various symptoms of food allergies, a skin rash is the most common. Though the sensitivity of each individual (depending on age and general bodily reactions) to different food varies, there are some common allergens that trigger a rash. Here we try to understand the types of foods that can cause an allergic reaction in the form of a rash, certain symptoms that may help you identify the allergen, and the treatment procedure for the same.

Symptoms

Now a skin rash may occur for a variety of reasons, therefore you have to keep a check on the time the skin rash appears for. A rash caused due to food allergy may lead to the symptoms of eczema or dermatitis. Some signs of such a rash are:

  • Inflamed skin
  • Skin redness
  • Itchiness, that causes the skin to thicken after scratching
  • Red bumps on different parts of the body
  • Dry skin patches
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Puffed up eyelids and swelling under eyes
  • Swollen tongue
  • Hives

Many people experience such symptoms around the mouth, namely, dry and itchy skin. This may be because, sometimes when you are eating a particular food, its contact with your mouth can cause an immediate reaction and lead to symptoms such as flaking skin and dry patches around the mouth.

Possible Foods Causing the Rash

You may find it difficult to pinpoint the food that causes the rash because the most common allergens are foods that you may consume on a daily basis. Example of such foods are:

  • Peanut butter
  • Nuts
  • Wheat (allergy from gluten)
  • Milk
  • Other dairy products
  • Soy
  • Shellfish
  • Pork
  • Yeast (in bread and other baked goods)
  • Coconut
  • Chocolate
  • Mustard
  • Sugar
  • Tomatoes
  • Berries
  • Citrus fruits
  • Peas
  • Cinnamon and other spices

Sometimes exotic fruits such as kiwi, and gourmet food such as caviar may also cause a rash due to an allergic reaction.

Rashes in Children and Babies

The most common food allergens may cause rashes in babies too. However, seven particular foods have been identified as the most common culprits for this problem in them.

  • Dairy Products
  • Soy
  • Shellfish
  • Wheat
  • Tree nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Egg whites

Another interesting finding is that, sometimes the allergens may pass on to babies through breastfeeding. In such a case, the mother should start avoiding certain foods, to be able to narrow down the food causing the allergic reaction in babies. In some cases, the introduction of solid foods may result in the outbreak of skin rashes. Therefore, it is essential that you wait for up to 6 months before introducing solid foods to them. Also, introduce these foods slowly, so you can identify the cause of the allergy. Doing so at the right age may help you prevent the allergies. Also, children may outgrow these allergies over time, however if these occur in adults then they may be permanent unless identified and treated.

Facts about Rash From Food Allergy

There are certain facts that may help you identify food allergens, and choose a suitable treatment for the same. Some of them are:

  • A rash may not always show up immediately after consuming the allergen. It may take a day, or three to four days for a rash to manifest.
  • If you are allergic to a particular food from a food group, chances are you are likely to develop a skin rash by eating other foods in the same food group. For instance, if you are allergic to milk, then you are also likely to be allergic to cheese.
  • As aforementioned, the sensitivity of each person to different food varies. While in some cases the reaction may be a mild skin rash, in others it may be a more severe outbreak of red bumps and itchiness all over the body.
  • It is important to note that if a child is allergic to one particular food, the same nutrition should be provided by other different types of foods. The food allergens should not interfere with a child’s nutritional requirements.
  • Sometimes, the amount of the allergic food you consume may determine the severity of the reaction. A minimal amount of milk may cause a different reaction than a whole glass of milk.

Treatment

As the food allergens are among foods that we consume often, it may be difficult to identify the culprit causing the allergy. However, there are still some ways of doing so, along with some tests to understand the cause of the rash.

  • Maintain a food diary. If you notice that you are experiencing a rash more often, then maintain the diary for a week, and the symptoms associated with the food you have consumed that day. This way, you will be able to understand when the symptoms were mild and when they were at their peak, depending on the amount of food you have consumed.
  • Eliminate one food from your diet at a time. For instance, don’t eat bread for four days, and see if the symptoms reduce. Then avoid milk and see if the effect is the same. This way you will be able to zero in on the food allergen. Reintroduce the suspected foods after some time and see the effect it has on the body.
  • Several skin and blood tests are also conducted to pinpoint the cause of the rash. However, these are rarely accurate. Therefore, you should opt for these tests when the elimination procedure does not work.

In rare cases, a rash from a food allergy may be very severe. In such a case, consult your doctor immediately and do not waste time over the elimination of suspected foods or food diaries. Also, if a particular healthy food is keeping you away from your necessary nutritional requirement, ensure you find a similar healthy substitute, after consulting a nutritionist.

How to overcome Alcohol Allergy

Many of us heartily enjoy alcoholic drinks. In fact, alcohol is also present in many medications, especially the ones that are used to treat cough and cold. Human beings consume alcohol in different quantities and forms and for different purposes. But did you know people can also be allergic to alcohol? Believe it when we say that alcohol allergy, though very rare, is not a myth.

Many people are astounded to hear that sometimes people are allergic to alcohol of any kind. Alcohol allergy is also known as alcohol intolerance, which is a phenomenon that is quite parallel to lactose intolerance symptoms.

Cause of Alcohol Allergy

Any food or drink that enters the digestive track is broken down into simpler substances that can be used by the human body. In such cases, the digestive system and the digestive organs produce different types of digestive juices that play a highly instrumental role in breaking down the food nutrients. Digestive enzymes are some very important digestive juices that help in breakage of food nutrients. Alcohol is chemically simplified into acetic acid, which is commonly known as vinegar, by the ‘Aldehyde Dehydrogenase’ enzyme. Alcohol in itself is a toxic substance and is capable of poisoning the body, if it is not broken down by the body into simpler substances. Some people genetically have a very rare characteristic in their digestive system. Their digestive systems simply do not produce the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase enzyme, which makes their body allergic to alcohol. In some cases the digestive system produces lesser quantities of Aldehyde Dehydrogenase enzyme. This might be treated as a curse or a blessing, but there are some alcohol intolerance symptoms which are observed.

Alcohol Allergy Symptoms

When alcohol intolerant people consume alcohol, one of the symptoms that they are bound to experience is an acute nausea. When we consume any food or drink the first action of the body is to secrete the appropriate digestive enzymes, upon the smell and sight of food. As the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase enzyme is not secreted by the body, the alcohol is treated as an alien and unwanted substance and the body tries to eject the liquid, which is the cause behind the nausea.

Minutes after the consumption, hives and rashes are also bound to appear on the skin. Other symptoms observed are, headaches, skin itching, and painful rashes. As the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase enzyme is not present in the body, the digestive system is also unable to digest or store away the alcohol. In such a scenario, the person who is allergic to alcohol, is bound to suffer from symptoms such as stomach pain, abdominal cramps, skin itching, heartburn, and a severe headache.

The next reaction of the body is to eject the alcohol from the digestive system. Hence the person allergic to alcohol suffers from acute diarrhea or vomits out the alcohol. Most of the time, this is enough to flush out the alcohol out of the body, but it is advisable to see a doctor as soon as possible. Sometimes, people experience only the initial allergy symptoms, but the body does not eject the alcohol. In such a situation it is appropriate to rush to the hospital.

There are several other reasons that why people might have alcohol and wine allergies. Sometimes the reason might be an allergy to preservatives or substances that are added during brewing.