Asthma Attack in Children

Asthma is a serious chronic respiratory disorder affecting both children and adults. It is known to be more common in children, and affects millions of children in the United States alone. A number of factors contribute to children being more prone to developing this disorder, most commonly at the age of 5 and some even at a younger age. Asthma in children can be quite a discomfort, and it is essential that parents know how to prevent the same in children. Following are the causes, symptoms, and treatment options of this disorder.

Causes
The causes are common for both children, as well as adults. These attacks are a result of change in weather conditions, respiratory infections, emotional disturbance, family history, and exposure to allergens like smoke, pollution, dust, and pollen. Children are more prone to developing the chronic form of this condition due to their underdeveloped respiratory system and small airways.

Symptoms
The most common symptoms include severe wheezing when breathing in or breathing out, troubled or rapid breathing, chest tightness, and coughing. These symptoms tend to worsen during the night and breathing may get increasingly difficult. This condition often goes undiagnosed in childhood, as the symptoms are considered to be associated with other respiratory disorders. Medical assistance may be required if the breathing condition of the child does not improve, and signs like the lips and nails turning blue, are noticed. In children below the age of 5, the most common symptom is an upper respiratory infection like common cold. Childhood asthma cannot be cured and the symptoms may continue into adulthood; however, the symptoms can be kept under control with proper treatment.

Treatment
Treatment can be administered in a number of ways. The most common treatment option is the use of inhalers that help broaden the airways, thereby enabling easy breathing. In case of a severe attack, the child should be put on a nebulizer until he or she finds it easy to breathe. Corticosteroids may also be helpful in relieving symptoms during an attack. Drugs like theophylline, aminophylline, Beta 2 agonists, and anticholinergics are safe, and can be administered to affected children.

Tips for Prevention
If you are aware of the fact that your child is asthmatic, the following preventive measures will help to minimize the chances of an attack.

  • Determine what triggers an attack in your child and take adequate steps to prevent the child from being exposed to these triggers.
  • Take immediate action and administer medication as soon as you notice any of the symptoms.
  • Treat respiratory infection and minor colds and cough immediately so that an attack can be prevented.
  • Educate the child about the allergens and irritants that can trigger an attack in him or her.
  • Keep your home, especially the child’s bedroom and play area clean and dust-free by vacuuming it on a daily basis.
  • Monitor the child’s lung function by using a peak flow meter. You can also determine if the child is at a risk of an attack with the help of the readings of this device.

An asthma attack can also prove fatal, if it is not treated on time or can have long-term consequences on the health of the child. Try to prevent these attacks as much as possible with the help of medication and regular monitoring.

Tips to Become a Dentist

Dentistry is one of the ten most sought after careers in the United States, and is also one of the high paying professions. Dentistry as a profession is said to grow by about 16 percent through to 2018, which is faster than the average of all occupations. So if you are deciding on becoming a dentist, you are on the right path. For a start, students who are keen on becoming dentists should have good grades in biology, chemistry, and health. College students planning to pursue dentistry are required to give Dental Admissions Test (DAT) which help them to get admission in a good reputed college.

Educational Qualifications

Before you get recognized as a dentist, you must have a four-year doctors degree in dentistry, from an accredited college. A dentist is required to do a 2 to 4 years of internship or residency. He should also be licensed to practice, which can be acquired from the board of dental examiners of the state in which he plans to work. A dentist can specialize mainly in orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, and endodontics. Orthodontics deals with the prevention or correction of the irregularities of the teeth. Periodontics deals with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth. Prosthodontics deals with making teeth or dentures. Endodontics deal with the diseases of the dental pulp. You can choose your specialty according to your interests or according to what you are good at. The salary of a dentist can also vary according to the specialization, for example orthodontists earn approximately $186,000 per annum, whereas prosthodontists earn about $169,810 per annum.

Job Description and Duties

A dentist should not only be familiar, but should also be able to master the standard concepts, procedures, and practices of dentistry. The work is often surgical, but they can also prescribe medicines to cure and treat diseases. The primary job of a dentist is to examine, diagnose, and treat diseases and injuries of teeth and gums. They also remove tooth decay, fill cavities, place protective plastic sealants on teeth, and straighten or replace teeth. In case of any malformations of teeth, dentist has to recommend braces or surgery to correct it. They provide instructions on brushing, flossing, and the use of fluorides, thus educating the patients for maintaining good dental health. They perform routine periodic checkups for any decay, dental plaque, or tartar. Dentists also administer anesthetics when required and also fit bridges and take impressions for crowns and dentures.

Abilities Required

It is necessary to know some extra abilities. They should be apt in diagnostic and manual skills. Dentists also require good visual memory, excellent skills, and good judgment. They must be able to make quick, coordinated movements of both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects with scientific ability. Good business sense, self-discipline, and good communication skills will also help self-employed dentists go a long way.

Work Environment

Dentists are known to work long and hard, some of them work up to 45 hours a week. Some senior dentists employed by hospitals and clinics may be on call. Government agencies usually have regular work timings, while those who are just starting out, have to work for more hours. A dentist can continue to work part-time even after retirement. A large number of dentists retire every year, which provides better opportunity for new graduates from dental schools. Dentists can also work as administrators or researchers in dental schools or as full-time or part-time teachers.

Tips for Graduates

Those looking for jobs should apply directly to dental clinics, hospitals, and military services. Searching for contacts and networking with members of dental associations can also help in getting jobs. Military services also provide a good opportunity to travel and practice dentistry. Before setting up a clinic, they should take into account the potential to gain business in a certain locality. They can also check with dental societies, professional practice brokers, and other local organizations to help identify the right opportunity.